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Details for the convict Abraham Hardy (1842)

Convict Name:Abraham Hardy
Trial Place:Lancaster Assizes
Trial Date:24 March 1842
Sentence:15 years
Arrival Details
Arrival Year:1842
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  • Researcher (15522)
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Abraham Hardy
Abraham was born in Shaw, Crompton, Lancashire in 1811. Crompton is now a suburb or Oldham. I haven't been able to find a record of his baptism but that record may have been lost. He started working down the coal mines at an early age and the next record I have found is his marriage to Sarah ('Sally') Greaves on the 4th February 1833 in Oldham.
The 1841 Census finds the Hardy family, Abraham age 30, Sarah also age 30, daughters Ann (8), Elizabeth (5) and son Joshua (2) living in Crompton. My GreatX2 grandfather, also Abraham, was the next to be born and was baptised in October 1842 in the Chapel at Shaw.
Abraham senior had been part of a group of six men who burgled the home of a Joshua Taylor in Ashton-under-Lyne, about ten miles from Shaw, and stolen two jugs and twenty, presumably ,clay pipes. His fellow burglars were Abraham Mills, Thomas Standrin, Benjamin Chadwick, John Cocker and William Buckley. All were sentenced in on the 24th March 1842 to 15 years transportation for the crime. Abraham left as one of 256 convicts on the 4th August 1842 in the Triton.
Abraham Hardy died in the hospital in Hobart on the 30 January 1848 and Abraham Mills is listed as 'drowned'. It looks as though Standrin, Chadwick and Cocker made it home again. There is no record of Buckley reaching Tasmania but there is a record of a William Buckley's death in June 1841 in Ashton-under-Lyne.
Sally , a 'married woman', was bound over in the sum of £5 for keeping a 'notorious hush shop' (unlicensed beer house) in 1842, perhaps to make up for the loss of her husband's pay. Her 12 customers were likewise bound over for £5 following 'riotous and disorderly behaviour', one of the customers being, strangely, a William Buckley. She later married an Edmund Rothwell in 1857 after having two more children – James in 1846 and Eliza in 1850.
Submitted by Researcher (15522) on 21 July 2022

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  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/13, p.159

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