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Details for the convict Ann Ryan (1796)

Convict Name:Ann Ryan
Trial Place:Tipperary
Trial Date:1795
Sentence:7
Notes:
 
Arrival Details
Ship:Marquis Cornwallis
Arrival Year:1796
 
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Researchers who have claimed this convict

There are currently 2 researchers who have claimed Ann Ryan

  • Researcher (Harold Hately)
  • Researcher (Janet Walsh)
Claimed convict

Biographies

Born in Tipperary c1765.
Tried in March 1795 at Tipperary IRELAND (DOB 1765), her crime unknown. She was transported on the Marquis Cornwallis (Captain Michael Hogan embarked with 163 males and 70 females) which left the port of Cork 9/8/1795 & arrived in Sydney 11/2/1796.

Ship’s log recounts convict mutiny en route to Australia
London: It is a tale of flogging, mutiny and death: Britain’s policy of transporting convicts to Australia was never a pleasant business. The Marquis Cornwallis, which set sail from Ireland in August 1795 carrying 244 prisoners to uncertain new lives in Australia, 70 of which were female.
The voyage of the Marquis Cornwallis was particularly brutal even by the standards of the time, when thousands of British and Irish prisoners were shipped to Australia as punishment for sometimes very minor crimes. A month after leaving Cork, on the south coast of Ireland, the convicts - described by the then-governor of Australia’s New South Wales state as "a desperate set of villains" - rose up in mutiny. They hatched a plan in conjunction with one of the ship’s guards to seize the vessel and take it to the newly independent America. However, the plans were leaked - the informer was later strangled by the enraged conspirators - and Captain Michael Hogan and his officers brutally quelled the rebellion by shooting convicts as they tried to storm the deck. Retribution was severe. Forty-two of the male convicts were flogged, six females punished in other ways, with eight people killed during the incident. Despite the violence, those being transported - 70 of whom were female - were by no means all hardened criminals. They included political prisoners from Ireland, then ruled by London, a 12-year-old boy convicted of highway robbery and women sentenced to transportation merely for stealing gloves or sugar. Much of the early part of the log, covering sections of the outward voyage, has been lost, and is assumed to have been used in evidence at a Court of Enquiry held in Sydney when the Marquis Cornwallis arrived. The surviving pages cover events such as the landing of the convicts at Sydney Cove along with cargo such as dried fruit, two large cheeses and spare handcuffs, leg irons and thumb screws, as well as later voyages. Captain Hogan, after being cleared of wrongdoing by the enquiry, took his ship to India, taking more convicts en route to the even more remote Norfolk Island in the Pacific. He later made a fortune as a merchant and slave trader, settling in a mansion in the United States and serving as Washington’s first consul to the newly independent Chile.
AFP -Sydney Morning Herald August 11, 2004

A Desperate Set of Villains: The Convicts of the Marquis Cornwallis, Ireland to Botany Bay, 1796, by Barbara Hall tells the story of the convicts & crew of the voyage.

Ryan has baby girl at Parramatta women’s factory late 1796, citing Hogan as father, calls her Mary Hogan.
Ann did not marry in the colony, but did have two daughters with James Woodham, Catherine born in 1799, and baby Ann who died in 1805, the same year as her mother.
Ann Ryan died 1805 at Parramatta, about 6 weeks after her baby daughter. Mary & her sister Catherine must have been placed in the Orphan school. Catherine is listed in the 1806 muster as an orphan.
Death: V1805200 2A/1805 RYAN ANN ; V18051965 2A/1805 RYAN ANN ;
Submitted by Researcher (Janet Walsh) on 21 April 2017

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