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Details for the convict Ann Terrett (1814)

Convict Name:Ann Terrett
Trial Place:Gloucester Quarter Session
Trial Date:1 May 1810
Sentence:7 years
Arrival Details
Arrival Year:1814
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Researchers who have claimed this convict

There are currently 3 researchers who have claimed Ann Terrett

  • Researcher (Megan Tilley)
  • Researcher (2934)
  • Researcher (Helen ARNALL)
Claimed convict


Ann Territt (aka Terrett)

She was born in or around Gloucester between 1786–1789.

She was tried before the Gloucester Easter Quarter Sessions in 1810, charged with larceny. At that time, Ann had been a servant. She received a seven year term and was kept in prison for another two years prior to her transportation. Ann was first sent to NSW in 1812 aboard 'Emu' with about 40 female convicts on board. The ship was hijacked by American privateers and the passengers and crew were put onto the Cape Verde Islands until they were picked up and returned to England.

Ann was re-sent to Sydney on the 'Broxbornebury', which left England on February 22, 1814.

She worked at the female factory in Parramatta and one year later was given leave to marry William MAKEPEACE. She was given her freedom and after William's death, she was listed as the publican of the 'Black Swan Hotel' in Sydney.

Ann next married John WHEELER, a convict who had been assigned to work for Ann in 1826.

Ann's son, Jonas Wheeler, married Rebecca Hoy, daughter of Timothy Hoy (Admiral Gambier, 1808) and Bethia Freeman (daughter of James Freeman, Alexander 1788 and Mary Edwards (Mary Ann 1791).

Submitted by Researcher (Megan Tilley) on 12 May 2014
In 1810, at the age of sixteen Ann received eighteen months hard labour in the Penitentiary House in Gloucester for stealing “cotton stockings, several pieces of lace, half a muslin handkerchief and about a quarter of a yard of spotted muslin.” Almost immediately after her release, Ann was sentenced to seven years transportation for stealing “one cambric muslin gown, one white dimity petticoat and three pieces of black silk lace.” On the eleventh of November 1812, Ann, along with forty female convicts, embarked on the Emu, and left Portsmouth for Hobart. The Emu was captured by pirates off the coast of West Africa and all on board were left to their fate on St Vincent Island, assisted only by some local Catholic Nuns. They were eventually rescued and taken back to England on the Isabella. Due to their poor condition and health, the women were kept on board the Isabella for another four months before they were embarked on the Broxbournebury in October 1813. Ann would have arrived in Australia with nothing; all her possessions being lost when the Emu was hijacked. Ann Terrett would have been “put into the manufactury, from where "well-behaved women were selected by settlers and others to become their housekeepers or servants.” Generally convict women married quickly on arrival or were assigned to a master, and it is unusual that Ann, a servant, did not progress quickly to either assignment or marriage. In the Population Muster of 1814, Ann is listed as being “on the stores” at the Factory.
Unlike most with servant skills, Ann is still at the Factory when she is granted permission to marry William Makepeace, Convict, (“off the stores,” assigned to Mr Moore at Windsor) at St John’s Parramatta on the third of July 1815.Their first child, Mary Ann, was born three months after their marriage. Their second died in infancy and their third, John was born in 1818. In the 1822 Muster, William was working as a labourer indented to Captain Bunkers in Liverpool and Ann was listed as his wife. Tragedy strikes when William dies in 1823 leaving Ann without employment and two children to feed. Ann does not rush into a second marriage. Instead, she applies for a land grant a few months after William’s death. It is unlikely that she received the grant as the 1824 Census lists Ann as the Publican of the Black Swan in Sydney. Ann is given her Certificate of Freedom in 1825 and marries John Wheeler (a convict assigned to her) in July 1826. Her occupation in the 1828 Census is listed as Dealer of George Street Sydney. Ann, of independent means and a successful businesswoman, died at the ripe old age of 77 outliving her second husband by ten years. Ann’s Journey to the Colony was unique; a long and arduous journey of nearly two years. She arrived at the Parramatta Female Factory with nothing, was not assigned to any settlers, nor did she marry quickly. Her pregnancy may have forced a marriage to William Makepeace to escape the punishment usually given to pregnant female convicts. It was to be a short- lived ticket to a “normal life” when her husband died. Not being one to take the easy road and remarry, Ann became a businesswoman and employer. She was able to support herself and her children. Her second marriage was a choice she could make as a free and independent woman.
A harsh and unique experience was the making of truly remarkable woman – my fourth Great Grandmother Ann Terrett.
For a full copy of the text with references and Bibliography, please contact me.
Helen Arnall

Submitted by Researcher (Helen ARNALL) on 4 July 2020

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Research notes

There are currently no research notes attached to this convict.


  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/2, p.145

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