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Details for the convict Samuel Onions (1821)

Convict Name:Samuel Onions
Trial Place:Norfolk (Norwich City) Quarter Session
Trial Date:15 May 1821
Sentence:7 years
Arrival Details
Ship:Minerva I (3)
Arrival Year:1821
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Researchers who have claimed this convict

There are currently 2 researchers who have claimed Samuel Onions

  • Researcher (Lee Eggleston)
  • Researcher (Kylie Lyons)
Claimed convict


Samuel Onions, one of 172 convicts transported on the ship Minerva, 26 July 1821.
Sentence details: Convicted at Norfolk. Norwich Quarter Session for a term of 7 years on 15 May 1821.
Vessel: Minerva.
Date of Departure: 26 July 1821.
Place of Arrival: New South Wales. Port Jackson

Source: British Newspaper Archive [database online]
Citation details: Norfolk Chronicle Sat 19 May 1821 p. 2
Text: PRISONERS. – Robert Flegg, Samuel Onions, Chas. Wm. Chalker, and William Welling, were severally convicted of stealing, on the 24th of Jan. last, four pounds worth of silver, a double nankeen purse containing a 10l. and 19 one pound notes, and about 5l. worth of silver, the property of Simon Peck, of St Michael’s Coslany; and sentenced to seven years transportation.

15 Oct 1823 - He was sent to the secondary penal colony of Port Macquarie on the Lady Nelson. Source:

Samuel was given permission to marry at age 33 (NSW State Records Citation NRS 12212 [4/4508; Fiche 780]). He married another convict, Elizabeth Jones, who arrived on the Harmony, aged 18 with a life sentence. She was convicted at Gloucester Assizes on 3 August 1826. At the time of the marriage, she was not free, but bonded. The marriage was conducted by Rev. William Cowper, at St John’s Church of England, Parramatta (NSW Marriage Cert V1829669 13/1829– Marriage: August 10, 1829).
The births of five children were registered: 1829 Richard; 1831 William; 1833 Mary A S; 1835 Ann; 1836 Samuel S.

Residence – Onions Point about 1835 (Age 33) Woolwich, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Source: Website – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Text: Woolwich’s name is derived from its namesake Woolwich, by the banks of the Thames in London. The area’s Aboriginal name is ‘Mookaboola’ or ‘Moocooboola’, which means meeting of waters. An early settler was John Clarke, who bought land here in 1834 and is responsible for naming Clarke’s Point. Samuel Onion was another early land owner with an ironmongery business and he gave the suburb its first name ‘Onion Point’ in 1835.

Samuel Onions was an ironmonger who also sold farming and household implements and even clothes. Source: The Sydney Monitor 13 Feb 1833- In 1833 he was based at 92 Pitt Street, Sydney and later moved to nearby King Street (Source:

Samuel Onions was granted a publican’s licence on 4 Apr 1833 for The Canning Tavern in King Street, Sydney.
Samuel Onions did not own the land at 25 King St. He just held the lease. The land was owned by the previous licencee Mr Brownlow (Source: The Sydney Monitor 1 Dec 1834 and 29 Apr 1842).

Samuel Onions was a recipient of one of the first land grants in the Macleay River district in what is now the NSW North Coast. He sold this to the man who was to give the area the name ‘Kempsey’ (Source: NSW Land Grants).

As a result of the case brought against him in the Supreme Court in 1837, he was convicted of perjury and on 21 August 1837, sentenced to transportation for seven years in a [secondary] penal settlement (Norfolk Island). [Source: Macquarie University, Division of Law – Decisions of the Superior Courts of New South Wales, 1788-1899.]

23 April 1841 – Commences new business Blacksmiths cnr Clarence and Market Sts Sydney (Source: Sydney Monitor 23 Apr 1841). On 27 March 1844, he was declared bankrupt.

25 July 1844 – Convicted obtaining money under false pretences sentenced - seven years transportation
Submitted by Researcher (Lee Eggleston) on 25 June 2014

Disclaimer: The information has not been verified by Claim a Convict. As this information is contributed, it is the responsibility of those who use the data to verify its accuracy.

Research notes

There are currently no research notes attached to this convict.


  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/4, p.79

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