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Details for the convict Mary Davis (1790)

Convict Name:Mary Davis
Trial Place:Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Trial Date:24 October 1787
Sentence:7 years
Arrival Details
Ship:Lady Juliana
Arrival Year:1790
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There are currently 2 researchers who have claimed Mary Davis

  • Researcher (4371)
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One of two Mary Davis' who arrived in NSW on Lady Juliana in 1790. This Mary(2) was tried at Middlesex Gaol Delivery 24 Oct 1787 and was aged 17 in May 1789. Along with another Mary Davis(1) she was transferred to Newgate Gaol, from which they both were transferred to Lady Juliana for transportation. The two Mary's are distinguished by quite different ages. Mary #1 was age 38 in 1789. Information per list of female convicts on Lady Juliana in Long Reach for Port Jackson 21 May 1789, CO201/4,105.

This Mary Davis(2) is almost certainly the one transferred with other Lady Juliana convicts to Norfolk Island per Suprize Aug 1790. There she formed a relationship with first fleet convict Richard Lyons aka Lyne/Lane who arrived per Scarborough 1788. They had a daughter, Ann Lyons, on Norfolk Island. She was recorded as Ann Davis first on store, 30 Jul 1792 in the children of convicts section of the 1792-6 Victualing Book. This indicates a birth approx 6 months prior to allow for weaning period.

Mary Davis departed Norfolk Island with partner Richard Lyons and dau Ann aboard Kitty Transport in Mar 1793. On arrival in Port Jackson Richard immediately enlisted in the NSW Corps as a Private - Apr 1793, as was the intent of the majority of males on that journey from the island to Port Jackson. Richard was granted land near Burwood where they remained until Richard was transferred as part of the detachment for a new Settlement at Port Dalrymple arriving Nov 1804 aboard Buffalo with a large group of Corps & Settlers.

Daughter, Ann Lyons who accompanied them married Richard Dry, Irish convict per Minerva 1800, and they had 8 known children. Although offical Bios cite an Ann Maughan as his wife, this does not agree with the family's baptism/birth certificates. The children - Richard Jnr, Eiza, Harriet, Maria, Richard, William, Ellen, & Jane were born between 1811 and 1829 in Launceston district
Dry became a person of some responsibility in the settlement. In 1822 he became assistant secretary to the Port Dalrymple branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society. In 1828 he was one of the founders of the Cornwall Bank and in 1832 of the Tamar Steam Navigation Co. Dry lived from 1830 until his death in 1843 at his farm, Elphin, near Launceston. The eldest son, Richard Dry Jnr b.1811 became a prominent political figure of Tasmania, going on to become Colonial Secretary, and the first Tasmanian born Premier, dying in office, Aug 1869.

Ann Dry (nee Lyons) died at Elphin Castle, near Launceston, on Weds 24 Feb 1836, aged 43 years, after a long and severe illness, the beloved wife of R. Dry, Esq (per Cornwall Chronicle 27 Feb 1836)

Mary Davis had two further children in Port Dalrymple with Richard Lyons. William, born abt1808 and Sophia b.1810. Sophia died age 15, and was buried 6 Dec 1825 at Launceston. William Lyons married Mary Ann Kirkham of Carrick at Longford, 27 Jul 1835.

Mary Lyons (nee Davis) was buried 13 Jan 1837 at Launceston, said to be aged 70, which is a fairly typical rounded up figure. She is recorded as the wife of 'Lyons of Launceston'.

Richard Lyons remained in the Corps, transferring to the Veteran Company in 1810, where served till at least 1817. He is recorded as a farmer supplying meat to Govt Stores in Launceston at various times. He lived until 3 Aug 1845, dying at his property Quamby near Launceston, recorded as 'Gentleman'

Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 17 (10). list of female convicts on Lady Juliana in Long Reach for Port Jackson 21 May 1789, CO201/4,p105. Norfolk Island Victualling Book 1792-1796. Land Musters, Stock Returns and Lists of VDL 1803-1822, Irene Schaffer. Period notices from The Launceston Examiner & The Cornwall Chronicle
Submitted by Researcher (4371) on 5 May 2018

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Research notes

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  • Ryan, R. J. (1982). The Second Fleet Convicts, A comprehensive listing of convicts who sailed in HMS Guardian, Lady Juliana, Neptune, Scarborough and Surprise. Australian Documents Library, Sydney : ,

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