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Details for the convict John Primrose (1817)

Convict Name:John Primrose
Trial Place:Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Trial Date:29 May 1816
Sentence:Life
Notes:
 
Arrival Details
Ship:Morley (1)
Arrival Year:1817
 
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Researchers who have claimed this convict

There are currently 4 researchers who have claimed John Primrose

  • Researcher (Pamela Heather)
  • Researcher (Noni Primrose)
  • Researcher (Margaret McKeown)
  • Researcher (Tosh Primrose)
Claimed convict

Biographies

John Primrose 1794--1856
John Primrose was born in London — the birth date of 15th August 1794 appears on his grave. Nothing is known of his early life but he must have received an education as he could read, write & play a musical instrument. On 29th May 1816 John was brought to trial in Middlesex. The Old Bailey Court records state that on 17th May, 1816, about 9 o’clock at night, in company with William Gow, he entered the dwelling of the Right Honourable William Hurry, Earl of Darlington and “with intent to steal, and burglariously stealing therein, one tablecloth, value 5s. one waistcoat, value 4s, his property; one pair of breeches, value 8s. the property of Samuel Mitchell; and one pair of gaitors, value 3s. the property of Richard Whittington”. Both John Primrose & William Gow were found guilty & sentenced to death -- later commuted to life imprisonment. John left England on 18th December 1816 aboard the Morley, arriving in NSW on 10th April 1817. He is recorded as being 23 years of age, a painter, height of 5ft 8ins, with a sallow complexion, black hair & hazel eyes.
In August 1817 John was assigned to William Cox in the Hawkesbury district & stayed in his employ for about eight years, probably using his trade as a painter & glazier. The rectory at St Matthews C of E Windsor was erected in 1825 by William Cox so it is likely that John worked on this project. He became a member of the congregation at St Matthews & rented a pew there. The Sydney Gazette, of 3rd October 1825, records a payment of 10 Spanish dollars to John Primrose for “performing sacred music, July 7”.
On 13th September 1825 John Primrose applied for his Ticket of Leave with the a reference from William Cox. Ticket of Leave 439/1913 was granted on 22nd September 1825 assigning him to the district of Windsor. John purchased his first property on 13th December 1825, at auction, becoming the owner of “30 roods of ground and house in Fitzgerald St, Windsor for thirty pounds”.
John Primrose,then 30, married Ann Roberts, then 17,daughter of William & Kezia Roberts,on 12th June 1826 at St Matthews C of E Windsor. He signed his name while Ann made her mark. Consent was given by the Governor for John, by her mother for Ann. The service was performed by Rev John Cross and the witnesses were John Linsley & Elizabeth Cross. This marriage produced twelve children, all of whom were baptised at St Matthews. Records of their baptisms can be found in the Parish Register. They were : Thomas 1827 – 1905; Eliza 1829 – 1884; George Edward 1831 – 1900; Anne 1833 – 1923; John 1836 – 1914; William 1836 – 1899; Maria Jane 1838 – 1916; Henry Charles 1841 – 1923; Alfred 1843 – 1915; Albert Frederick 1846 – 1908; Richard Burton 1851 – 1851; Charles Herman Burton 1854 – 1912.
The 1828 Census, in the Windsor area, records John Primrose as aged 23, holding a Ticket of Leave, occupation painter, owning one horse & fifty cattle. Listed also is wife Ann, aged 19 & son Thomas 18 months, all Protestants.
From 1835 to 1844 John Primrose held the licence to the Bird in Hand Inn in Fitzgerald St Windsor. After that the licence was held by various others but John retained ownership of the property -- it is mentioned in his will dated 13th July, 1855. In 1845 John Primrose opened the Bell Inn on the corner of Church and Catherine Streets, Windsor. It is described by D.G. Bowd in his book “Macquarie Country” as being “a two- storey sandstock brick building. It was typical of the inns of that period, although its bell cast eaves are rather unusual. “
John Primrose died in 1856 in his 62nd year leaving a sizable estate. His youngest child was only three but the oldest, Thomas, then 29 years old took over the licence of the Bell Inn.
Ann died in 1876, aged 66 years, and was buried with John at St Matthews C of E Windsor, Left Section,Row 9, Plot 1
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 10 August 2014

Disclaimer: The information has not been verified by Claim a Convict. As this information is contributed, it is the responsibility of those who use the data to verify its accuracy.

Research notes

1794 Birth : Birth date of 15th August 1794 appears in the inscription on his grave at St Matthews Church of England Cemetery at Windsor, Left Section, Row 9, Plot 15
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1816 Trial & Sentencing May 29: Old Bailey Court Records Online: (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org) Reference number t18160529 – 3; Criminal Register: National Archives HO; Piece 22; Page 123
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1817 Transportation : Convict Indents 1788 – 1842 (Book of bound manuscripts at SRNSW Kingswood)
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1817 Assignment to Windsor April 1817: On list of convicts from the “Morley” forwarded to Windsor for distribution; SRNSW Reel 6005; 4/3496 pp 116-7
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
Servant of William Cox : On lists of convicts maintained by William Cox 1818-21 & 1823. Fiche 3062, 4/1834B No.73 p.443; Reel 6058, 4/1769 p.86a; Reel 6050, 4/1746 p.140; Reel 6052, 4/1751 p.258;
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1824 Dec 31: Paid from Colonial Fund for “performing sacred music” Windsor ; Reel 6039; 4/424 p.418 1825 July 7: Paid for “performing scared music” Windsor, Sydney Gazette 2.10.1825 Page 1
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1825 Sep 22: Ticket of Leave 439/1913: SRNSW Series NRS 12200; Item 4/4060
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1826 Apr 26: Permission to marry Ann Roberts SRNSW Series 12212; Item 4/4511
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1826 Jun 12 : Marriage to Ann Roberts at St Matthews C of E Windsor; NSW Registry of BDM V1826527 44B/1826; V18263799 3B/11826; V1826209 10/1826; St Matthews C of E Windsor Parish Records
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1832 July 1: Conditional Pardon; SRNSW Reel 775 Item 4/4432
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1835 Jun 23 to 1844 June 29 : Held licence for the Bird in Hand Inn Windsor. SRNSW Publicans Licences NRS 14401; Reels 5052 to 5059
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1845 June 30 to 1856 Apr 15: Held licence for the Bell Inn Windsor, SRNSW NRS 14401 & 14403; Reels 5059 to 5065, Reels 1237 &1239
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014
1856 Death June 20 : NSW Registry of BDM 3364/1856; St Matthews C of E Windsor, Parish Records 1810 to 1856; Sydney Morning Herald 20.06.1856
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 26 August 2014

Disclaimer: The information has not been verified by Claim a Convict. As this information is contributed, it is the responsibility of those who use the data to verify its accuracy.

Sources

  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/2, p.310

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