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Details for the convict Mary Holland (1796)

Convict Name:Mary Holland
Trial Place:Surrey Assizes
Trial Date:26 March 1794
Sentence:7 years
Arrival Details
Arrival Year:1796
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There are currently 8 researchers who have claimed Mary Holland

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Claimed convict


After having been tried in the Kingston upon Thames, Surry, England General Session on the 26th March 1794 age given as 16 years, Mary was sentenced to transportation for 7 years.
Mary arrived on the "Indispensable" , which left Portsmouth, Hampshire, England in 1795 and arrived in Sydney on the 30th April 1796,

She had previously lived with the New South Wales Corps soldier, Lachlan Ross (QV) and bore him two children; Donnal or Daniel (1797) and Mary Ann (1799). The couple parted after the birth of the second child and Ross was on Norfolk Island by 1801 with his son Daniel. He sailed for Van Diemans Land in 1804 and returned to England in 1810.

Mary bore two sons; James (B.1802) and Sylvester (B.1804) who appear to have been fathered by Joseph Butler.
James and Sylvester used the surname of Butler in later life and described him as their father in a petition of 1820.

By 1806 the Mary and Joseph had separated.

Mary Holland bore a daughter, Louisa around 1808. This child was certainly fathered by Thomas Cooper, with whom Mary was living in 1806. He had been tried at the Assize and General Goal Delivery Session at Shrewsbury, Shropshire County, England on the 1st August 1795 for a felony crime and sentenced to life in NSW. He was aged 26 at the time. He left Portsmouth, Hampshire, England on board the "Barwell" on the 7th November 1797 and arrived in Sydney on the 18th May 1798.

The 1814 General Muster of NSW indicates that Mary is off stores, free and three children are residing with her
and Thomas Cooper.

Between 1815 and 1822 Mary and Thomas separated.

In the 1822 General Muster of NSW shows Mary as the wife of J. Butterworth and resides in the Windsor District.

In 1828 Mary was described as Joseph Butler's servant, her age given as 50 and her religion as Catholic.
Submitted by Researcher (2038) on 17 June 2014

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Research notes

There are currently no research notes attached to this convict.


  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/1, p.208

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