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Details for the convict Richard Holland (1807)

Convict Name:Richard Holland
Trial Place:Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Trial Date:2 July 1806
Sentence:7 years
Notes:
 
Arrival Details
Ship:Duke of Portland (1)
Arrival Year:1807
 
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Researchers who have claimed this convict

There are currently 4 researchers who have claimed Richard Holland

  • Researcher (1957)
  • Researcher (Vicki Court)
  • Researcher (Pamela Heather)
  • Researcher (Sally Chapman)
Claimed convict

Biographies

Richard Holland 1783 – 1867

Richard Holland was born in England on 8.05.1783, as is inscribed on his grave at St Matthews Anglican Cemetery in Windsor. Evidently Richard received an education as he was able to sign wills in 1819 (William Robert’s) and his own in 1855 with a signature that had not varied over many years. It was also claimed that he could speak French fluently and had travelled in Europe.

Richard was brought to trial at the Old Bailey, on 2nd July 1806 charged with “feloniously stealing on the 24th of May , a promissory note, value £10 a promissory note, value £5, a yard of canvas, value 1s, and twenty yards of woolen cloth, value £10 the property of John Burr ; and Several other Counts for like offence, only stating the property to belong to different other persons.” These articles were in a parcel taken from a cart outside of the White Hart Inn at Holborn. Richard said nothing in his own defence but did say his wife had recently had a child. He was found guilty and sentenced to transportation for seven years. From Newgate Gaol Richard was taken to a prison hulk at Langston Harbour then later transferred to the convict ship Duke of Portland which left England on 19th February 1807 and arrived at Port Jackson on 27th July 1807

As he had been previously married in England he had to wait the compulsory seven years before remarrying. On 18th October 1813, at St Matthews C of E Windsor, Richard married Mary Anne Roberts, the daughter of the First Fleet convict William Roberts & Second Fleet convict Kezia Brown. The minister was Rev. Cartwright and witnesses were William Ezzey, Sarah Roberts ( the bride’s sister) and Jaspeh Harpur.

This marriage produced nine children. Two of the boys died very young – Henry at 7 days and Thomas about 2 years. The children were William 1813 – 1863, Richard 1815 – 1881, John 1817 – 1897, Sarah 1820 – 1891, Thomas 1822 – 1824, Thomas 1825 – 1913, Henry 1828 – 1828, Henry Edward 1830 – 1906, and Anna Maria 1836 – 1905. Except for Henry the children were all baptised at St Matthews C of E Windsor.

Richard Holland appears in the various musters between 1811 & 1826. In 1811 his status is recorded as convict but by 1814 he is listed as free, a landholder at Windsor and off stores. By this time he would have completed his sentence. In 1816 he is on the list of persons to receive grants of land. This grant was probably in the Windsor.

Richard seems to have had varied occupations. In the St Matthews Parish Baptism Register and in the different Musters he is listed 1813 to 1817 as farmer, 1822 as baker, 1823 as shopkeeper, 1825 as butcher, then back to farming again by 1828. In the 1828 Census he is recorded as being aged 43, free by servitude, farming at Cornwallis with 30 acres of cleared and cultivated land, plus 18 head of horned cattle. Also listed is his wife Mary 35, and their children William 15, Richard 13, John 11, Sarah 9 and Thomas 3, all born in the Colony. The 1841 Census shows him to be still farming at Cornwallis with his wife, three sons and one daughter.

On 21.02.1855 Richard purchased land from his nephew Thomas Primrose for 37 pounds 10 shillings. This land was described as one rood to Macquarie and Brabyn Street in the town of Windsor, being Allotment No. 13 of Section L and being Lot 22 in an advertisement of 5.4.1842. The money for this purchase had probably been lent to Richard by his son Henry Edward as Richard’s will left his land and property at Windsor to his son Edward “in full satisfaction of any debt I may owe him at my decease”. His personal possessions were left to his youngest daughter Anna Maria.

Mary Holland died at “Newtown” Windsor on 22.07.1863 aged 70 years and was buried at St Matthews Anglican Cemetery. Richard survived her for almost four years. His death on 10.05.1867, two days after his 84th birthday was due to the “Infirmities of Age”. He was buried with Mary at St Matthews, Left Section, Row 20, Plot 6.


Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 27 December 2018

Disclaimer: The information has not been verified by Claim a Convict. As this information is contributed, it is the responsibility of those who use the data to verify its accuracy.

Research notes

Birth Date 08.05.1783 : Inscription on grave St Matthews Anglican cemetery Windsor, Left Section, Row 20, Plot 6
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
Baptism 13.07.1783: Father Cornelius, Mother Elizabeth, Family Search - Indexing Project (Batch) Number: P01051-6 , System Origin: England-ODM , GS Film number: 374355
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
02.07.1806 Trial & Sentencing: Old Bailey Court Records Online: (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org) Reference Number t18060702-33
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
1806 Removed to Hulks at Langston Harbour: England & wales Criminal Registers 1791-1892, Class: HO 26; Piece 12; Page 43
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
1807 Transportation on Duke of Portland: Convict Transportation Registers, Class: HO 11; Piece 1
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
1813 October 18, Marriage to Mary Anne Roberts: St Matthews C of E Parish Records; NSW BDM V18131564 3A/1813
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
Baptism of eight of the nine children born to Richard and Mary Anne Holland in Parish Register of St Matthews C of E Windsor, giving Richard's occupation in each
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
1822 Australia & Tasmania Convict Muster : Class HO 10; Piece 36 1828 NSW Census: SRNSW NRS 1272; Reel 2554 1841 NSW Census
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014
1863 Death of Mary Anne Holland: NSW BDM 6356/1863 1867 Death of Rihard Holland: NSW BDM 8357/1867
Submitted by Researcher (Pamela Heather) on 28 August 2014

Disclaimer: The information has not been verified by Claim a Convict. As this information is contributed, it is the responsibility of those who use the data to verify its accuracy.

Sources

  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/1, p.393

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