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Details for the convict Richard Lyons (1788)

Convict Name:Richard Lyons
Trial Place:Wiltshire
Trial Date:
Sentence:
Notes:
 
Arrival Details
Ship:Scarborough
Arrival Year:1788
 
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Biographies

Richard Lyons/Lyne was tried 22 Mar 1784 at Southampton & sentenced to 7 years. Some sources say his crime was 'break enter steal, a watch and other goods total 160 shillings' but the source of this is yet to be sighted. He was sent to Censor Hulk at Woolwich and assigned for transportation to America for some years but due to the American Revolution he eventually chosen for transportation to Botany Bay, despite being halfway to completing his term. It's thought that certain ones were chosen for their potential benefit to the colony. Richard having 5yrs military service prior to his conviction may have been seen as a useful person. He traveled per Scarborough 1788. He was transferred to Norfolk Island Jan 1790 per Supply and is recorded there in the male convicts

On the island Richard formed a relationship with convict Mary Davis(2) of Lady Juliana 1790, who arrived on Norfolk Island per Suprize Aug 1790. They had a daughter, Ann Lyons, on Norfolk Island. She was recorded as Ann Davis, first on store, 30 Jul 1792 in the 'children of convicts' section of the 1792-6 Victualing Book. This indicates a birth some months prior to allow for weaning

Richard & Mary Lyons with dau Ann departed the island per Kitty Transport in Mar 1793. On arrival in Port Jackson Richard immediately enlisted in the NSW Corps as a Private, Apr 1793, as was the intent of the majority of men on that return to Port Jackson. The family remained in Sydney or thereabouts until Richard was transferred as part of the detachment for a new Settlement at Port Dalrymple arriving Nov 1804 aboard Buffalo with a large group of Corps and Settlers

Daughter, Ann Lyons who accompanied them married Richard Dry, Irish convict per Minerva 1800, and they had 8 known children. Although offical Bios cite an Ann Maughan as his wife, this does not agree with the official baptism/birth certificates, and was possibly an 'adjustment' to prevent embarrassment of prominent family members later on. The children - Richard Jnr, Eiza, Harriet, Maria, Richard, William, Ellen, & Jane were born between 1811 and 1829 in Launceston. Richard Dry became a person of responsibility in the settlement. In 1822 he became assistant secretary to the Port Dalrymple branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society. In 1828 he was one of the founders of the Cornwall Bank and in 1832 of the Tamar Steam Navigation Co. Dry lived from 1830 until his death in 1843 at his farm, Elphin, near Launceston. The eldest son, Richard Dry Jnr b.1811 became a prominent political figure of Tasmania, going on to become Colonial Secretary, and the first Tasmanian born Premier, dying in office, Aug 1869

Ann Dry (nee Lyons) died at Elphin Castle, near Launceston, on Weds 24 Feb 1836, aged 43 years, after a long and severe illness, the beloved wife of R. Dry, Esq (per Cornwall Chronicle 27 Feb 1836)

Richard Lyons and Mary Davis had two further children in Port Dalrymple. 1) William, born abt.1808 and Sophia b.1810. 2) Sophia died age 15, and was buried 6 Dec 1825 at Launceston. William Lyons married Mary Ann Kirkham of Carrick at Longford, 27 Jul 1835

Some claim that Richard fathered a child in 1810 at Port Jackson with Isabella Clarkson resulting in a child, Richard bapt 10 Jan 1812, who lived only 8mnths. This would be quite a feat!

Mary Lyons (nee Davis) was buried 13 Jan 1837 at Launceston, said to be aged 70, which is a typically rounded up figure for that era. She is recorded as the wife of 'Lyons of Launceston'

Richard Lyons remained in the Corps, transferring to the Veteran Company in 1810, where served till at least 1817. He is recorded as a farmer supplying meat to Govt Stores in Launceston at various times. He lived until 3 Aug 1845, dying at his property Quamby near Launceston, recorded as 'Gentleman'

Sources:
HO11/1,17. list of female convicts on Lady Juliana in Long Reach 21 May 1789, CO201/4,105. Norfolk Island Victualling Book 1792-1796. Land Musters, Stock Returns and Lists of VDL 1803-1822, I Schaffer
Submitted by Researcher (4371) on 5 May 2018

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