||February - the first grapes were
planted at Sydney Cove from cuttings obtained from Rio de Janeiro
and the Cape of Good Hope.
||November - Vines were planted at the
'The Crescent' - Rose Hill, Parramatta.
||January - Governor Phillip gives a gift
of grapes to Mrs Macarthur.
||May - Phillip Schaeffer begins clearing
his farm 'The Vineyard' - plants 1 acre of
grapes at Rose Hill.
||December - On December 3, Captain Tench
records in his journal that there are 8,000 vines planted at 'The
Crescent'. On December 7, Captain Tench records that Schaeffer has
900 flourishing vines planted.
||Colonel George Johnston receives his
first grant of land at Petersham which he called 'Annandale Farm'.
||John Macarthur plants a small vineyard
at Parramatta at his 'Elizabeth Farm'.
||Phillip Schaeffer sells 'The Vineyard'
to Captain Henry Waterhouse.
||January - William Cox purchases 'Brush
Farm' at Ermington from John Macarthur.
||'The Vineyard' is leased to William Cox
after Captain Waterhouse's duties require him to return to
England. Cox leases the property until 1803.
||7,000 vine cuttings planted at 'The
Crescent' to replace the neglected vines previously planted.
||George Suttor planted a trail vineyard at
his Baulkham Hills 'Suttor Farm' which later became known as
'Chelsea Farm'. The vineyard failed.
||5,000 vine cuttings planted at 'The
Crescent' bringing the total vines planted to 12,000.
||Land cleared and vines planted at
Castle Hill, but the plants were affected by blight. Nothing more
||Reverend Samuel Marsden is granted land
at St Mary's and calls the property 'Mamre'. Marsden establishes a
vineyard here from cuttings grown on one of his Parramatta farms.
He is also accredited with introducing the Mueller's Burgundy
grape variety by James Busby.
||Gregory Blaxland purchases 'Brush Farm'
at Ermington on the Parramatta River and immediately plants
cuttings that he obtained from the Cape of Good Hope on his trip
to Australia as an experiment.
||Gregory Blaxland leases 'The Vineyard'.
||Mary Putland, Governor Bligh's daughter,
is granted land at St Mary's and establishes 'Orange Grove'
||Robert Townson is granted land at minto
and calls it 'Varroville'. The property becomes a showpiece and
its vineyard is 'second only to Gregory Blaxland'.
||May - George Suttor arrives back from
England bringing with him more vines.
||July - Captain Waterhouse dies and 'The
Vineyard' is sold to Hannibal Hawkins Macarthur.
||The Royal Society of Arts in London
offers a medal for "the finest wine not less than 20 gallons
of good marketable quality made from the produce of vineyards in
||Gregory Blaxland determines from his
experiments that Black Constantia and Claret are the most suitable
varieties. He subsequently plants more vineyard at 'Brush Farm'.
||James Chisholm purchases 'Buckingham'
and renames it 'Gledswood'. Chisholm extends the homestead and
includes a cellar with a capacity of 20,000 bottles.
||John, William and James Macarthur
return from Europe with a range of vine cuttings and propagate the
vines at 'Camden Park'.
||Robert Campbell is granted land at Mona
Vale on which he develops a vineyard.
||Governor Macquarie starts a Government
Farm at Emu Plains and plants an experimental vineyard.
||Captain William Minchin is granted land
west of Rooty Hill and calls it 'Minchinbury'.
||The Macarthur's at 'Camden Park'
vineyard, enlarge their Camden estate with the first
commercial plantings in the area. Varieties grown include Pineau
Gris, Frontignac, Gouais, Verdelho, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling,
Grenache and Mataro. William Macarthur also plants 20 acres of
vineyard at Penrith.
||March - A quarter of a pipe of red fortified
wine was shipped to England from Gregory Blaxland's 'Brush Farm'.
This is Australia's first export of wine.
||Land at Parramatta granted to The
Parramatta Agricultural and Horticultural Society for the
propagation and distribution of fruit trees and grapevines for the
||Dr James Bowman's 'Lyndhurst Estate' at
Glebe is reported to have extensive vineyards in the estate
||England - Blaxland is awarded a Silver
Medal for his wine from The Royal Society of Arts in London.
||The first vintage at 'Camden Park'
||July - William Redfern to Australia,
via Madeira, and receives a further grant at 'Campbellfields'
where he introduced the grape variety Verdelho.
||14 acres of vineyards are established
on the Mulgoa property 'Winbourne' owned by George Cox, son of
||William Cox's son, Henry Cox,
establishes a vineyard on his 'Glenmore' property at Mulgoa.
||James Busby wrote the book "A
Treatise on the Vine and the Art of Winemaking"
||James Busby is placed in charge of the
farm and teaches viticulture at the
Cabramatta Male Orphan School
||Vineyard started on Sir John Jamison's
Penrith property 'Regentville'
||England - Blaxland is awarded the Gold
Ceres Medal for his wine from The Royal Society of Arts in London.
||34,000 vines sent to Barrossa Valley
from 'Camden Park'.
||James Busby wrote the book "A
Manual of Plain Direction for Planting and Cultivating Vineyards
and the Making of Wine in New South Wales". In it, 'Annandale
Farm' is praised for its fine vineyard.
||'Regentville' now has 10.5 acres under
vineyard and is being irrigated with a steam engine that Sir
Jamison had imported.
||'Horsley' vineyard was established in an
area to be later called Horsley Park
||Government Farm at Emu Plains is sold.
||January - Busby collection of 437
cuttings from the Montpellier Botanical Gardens and 133 from the
Luxembourg Gardens, arrives aboard the convict ship 'Camden' in
Sydney. The collection is placed at the disposal of the His
Majesty's Government into the Sydney Botanic Gardens.
||John Eyre Manning established a
vineyard at Rushcutters Bay. Believed to have supplied grapes for
winemaking at 'Vaucluse House'.
||George Suttor planted 2,500 grapes vines at
||Henry Whitaker purchased land near
Prospect Creek, East Fairfield and established 'Orchardleigh'. In
future years, Jacob Stein will work in the vineyard.
||'Regentville' is now 15 acres in size
with some 30-40,000 vines and up to 200 varieties.
||'Montpellier' at Picton offered for
sale. Notice lists vineyards.
||October - Johann Stein with five other
German vinedressers arrived under a five-year contracts to the
Macarthurs of Camden. Johann Stein is the first successful person
to bring Rhine Riesling into Australia.
||Dr William Bland purchases 'Mark Lodge'
from the estate of John Horsley and develops extensive vineyards.
||Edward Cox (son of William Cox) has a
vineyard on his 'Fernhill' property at Mulgoa.
||George Suttor published "The Culture of
The Grape-Vine and The Orange in Australia and New Zealand"
||Jacob Stein arrives with three other
vitners, Johann Beckhaus, Johann Jurg and Johann Stumpf under a
five-year contracts to the Macarthers of Camden
||The Marist Fathers Catholic Order from
Lyon, France purchase 'Longwood' at Gladesville and call it 'The
Priory'. Vines reported to be growing well.
||Joseph Stein arrives under a five-year
contracts to the Macarthurs of Camden
||'Sand Hill Farm' vineyard is established
on Prospect Creek at Carramar
by Jacob Stein. The name 'Sand Hill Farm' was later shortened to
||Hannibal Macarthur sells 'The Vineyard'
to Thomas Icely in July, who subsequently sold the property to the
first Roman Catholic Archbishop of Sydney, J.B. Polding. Polding
presents it to the Benedictine Order of Nuns.
||George Cox obtains 1,000 Hermitage
cuttings from Sir Charles Cowper's 'Wivenhoe' vineyard at Camden.
||Martin Thurn, a vinedresser bought to
NSW by the Macarthur's from Germany in 1852, establishes his own
vineyard called 'Camden Bridge Farm' at Camden.
||Joseph Doust leases 'Cawdor' at Cawdor
and establishes 5 to 7 acres of vineyards.
||Frederick Christian Luther, who had
previously worked at 'Regentville', establishes his own vineyard
at 'The Hermitage' in Camden.
||Dr Alexander Berry (from 'Coolangatta'
in the Shoalhaven) moves into 'Crows Nest House', North Sydney and
develops a substantial vineyard on the property.
||'The Vineyard' is renamed the
Benedictine Monastery of 'Subiaco'.
||'Camden Park' nursery lists 33 grape
varieties for sale.
||William Charles Wentworth cultivating
large enough grape quantities at 'Vaucluse House' to be recorded
on an inventory.
||Thomas Ireland planted 'Sunnybrook'
vineyard near Warwick Farm
||July - Dr Charles McKay purchases
'Minchinbury' and plants the first vines during the 1860's. He
also had the original winery constructed on the site.
||William Fowler erects a three storey
winery and still-room on his 'Eschol Park' property. Fowler also
establishes a 15 acre vineyard on the property.
||Marist Fathers sell 'The Priory' to the
Salter Family and move to Hunters Hill and plant a new vineyard.
||Henry Whitaker of 'Orchardleigh' wins
first prize for the best red at the Agricultural Society Show.
||William Arthur Helleyer's Mulgoa
property 'Fairlight', has two vineyards and a winery.
||Dr Frederick Norton Manning established a vineyard
at Gladesville Psychiatric Hospital, formerly Tarban Creek Lunatic
||Between 2,000 and 3,000 gallons of wine
produced at 'Eschol Park'.
||July - 'Orchardleigh' is subdivided to
make way for the village Orchardleigh.
||Frederick Chave at Lovett Bay is
reported to be growing grapes. Opposite Lovett Bay, the Crawford
Brothers at 'Ventnor' are also growing grapes.
||John Bruchauser settled at 'Elderslie',
Camden, and planted vineyards.
||Thomas Henry Fiaschi plants 5 acres of
vines at his 'Tizzana' vineyard at Sackville Reach
||Leon Houreax plants vines for wine
production at 'Rock Lily', Mona Vale.
||Patrick Edwin Fallon develops an
extensive vineyard from Collaroy to North Narrabeen on his 'Mount
||J.A.M. McLean establishes 'Kaluna'
||Construction of the sandstone cellars
at 'Tizzana' are completed. Vineyards have been expanded to 55
||Phylloxera spreads to the outskirts of
||Salter family sell 'The Priory' to the
Government for arable land at Gladesville Hospital.
||James Angus purchases 'Minchinbury' and
starts introducing new wine-making technology to the winery.
||Mr Himmelhoch establishes the 'Grodno'
vineyard at Liverpool. 17 acres of Hermitage and Malbec, with
another 15 acres in preparation for planting.
||Herman Paul Leopold (Leo) Buring starts
working at 'Minchinbury' after having worked at Great Western
||Dr Fiaschi becomes president of the
Australian Wine Producers' Association of NSW, a position he will
hold for 25 years.
||Marist Fathers abandon their vineyard
at Hunters Hill.
||Patrick Fallon dies and by 1912 the
'Mount Ramsey Estate' has been fully subdivided, thus ending the
||'Minchinbury' releases its first
champagne from its 1903 vintage.
||Penfold's Wines purchases
'Minchinbury'. Over the subsequent years, Penfold's will go onto
expanding the cellars in order to store in excess of 1.25 million
bottles, as well as expanding the vineyards to over 400 acres.
Varieties grown include Verdelho, Riesling, Cabernet Riesling,
Pinot Noir, Hermitage, Traminer and Pinot Blanc.
||Cec Vicary plants vines on his grazing
||Arthur (Colin) Laraghy purchases 'Kaluna'
vineyard. Mainly grew table grapes.
||After leaving 'Minchinbury' in 1919,
Leo Buring becomes Australia's first wine consultant and builds a
home at Emu Plains. On this property, called 'Leonay', he also
establishes a vineyard.
||A closed order of Benedictine Nuns
takes over 'Subiaco'. They occupy the property until 1958 - their
main source of income is the sale of altar or communion wine
produced on the estate. The estate was demolished in 1961 to make
way for a manufacturing plant.
||'Vicary's' is producing wine on a
commercial scale and selling from its cellar door.
||'Cawdor' winery ceases to operate with
the onset of the Great Depression.
||'Minchinbury' is further expanded with
34 acres of Traminer.
||Vineyard established at Cobbitty by the
Giribaldi family. Barbera is one of their main varieties grown.
||July - Vandals burn down 'Tizzana'
||'Kaluna' is subdivided for housing
||'Minchinbury' vineyard is wound down
due to over cropping, grapes imported from other vineyards.
||Giovanni and Dino Gogno establish the
6.5 hectare 'Cogno Brothers' vineyard. Barbera, Trebbino,
Chardonnay, Grenache and Black Muscat grown.
||Peter and Carolyn Auld purchase the
ruins of 'Tizzana' and rebuild the sandstone cellars.
||Dr Barry Bracken plants 6 acres of
vines at his North Richmond 'Richmond Estate' vineyard.
||Previous plantings with grafted
rootstock at 'Richmond Estate' have failed. Replanting on own
roots is successful and eventually 22 acres are under vines.
Varieties grown include Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, Merlot, Malbec
as well as Black Muscat table grapes. Attempts with Chardonnay are
||Peter de Challis establishes a 4
hectare vineyard and winery at Warragamba.
||'Cogno Brothers' winery was built.
100,000 cases of wine produced. Additional grapes from other areas
are also bought in.
||Norman Hanckel re-establishes vineyards
at 'Camden Bridge Farm' and sells the grapes to 'Hungerford Hill'
in the Hunter.
||June - Winery and cellar operations
ceased at 'Minchinbury' as the operations were moved to Tempe.
||Vineyards are re-established at
||Giribaldi vineyard at Cobbitty ceases
||Norman Hanckel, with the assistance of
his daughter Sue, start producing their own wine. 38 acres of
vines with Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Trebino and Traminer
||'Richmond Estate' is sold to Tom Allen.
||April - Heritage classified
'Minchinbury' is destroyed by fire.
||Tony Radanovic purchases 'Richmond
||A small vineyard was re-established at
'Wivenhoe' with Chardonnay grapes.