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Details for the convict John Royle (1822)

Convict Name:John Royle
Trial Place:Lancaster Assizes
Trial Date:23 March 1822
Arrival Details
Ship:Eliza I (2)
Arrival Year:1822
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Researchers who have claimed this convict

There are currently 7 researchers who have claimed John Royle

  • Researcher (262)
  • Researcher (935)
  • Researcher (Lori McIntosh)
  • Researcher (Peter Jones)
  • Researcher (10365)
  • Researcher (Tricia Riley)
  • Researcher (Neil Newton)
Claimed convict


John's death certificate indicates that his surname may have been Royle rather than Riley. Nevertheless, as Riley seems to have been commonly used (for example to register the names of all his children) it is unclear what proper surname was. It also shows that he had been in New South Wales 51 years so he is almost certainly the John Royle who arrived as a convict aboard the 'Eliza' in 1822.

This John Royle/ Riley was a convict who was sentenced to transportation for life at Lancaster Assizes on 23 March 1822. He was one of 5 men aboard the ship who were convicted there on that day. The 'Eliza' departed England on 13 July under Master James Hunt, reached the equator on 10 September and arrived on 22 November. Upon landing the 160 convicts were assigned to settlers and works at Windsor, Minto, Airds, Penrith, Emu Plains and Bathurst. Another notable passenger was Archibald Clunes Innes who was the captain of the guard and would go on to become one of the wealthiest men in the colony. The town of Glen Innes is named after Archibald Innes.

According to Louise Westall Taylor in 2015:

"Within three years, however, he had appeared in Liverpool Court when he was sentenced to three years imprisonment at Port Macquarie."
In both the 1825 General Muster and the November 1928 Census John is recorded as being in Port Macquarie but he and more than twenty of the convicts from the 'Eliza' in 1822 ultimately resided in the Hunter Valley region. He may have committed further misdemeanours as it was over 20 years until he obtained a Ticket of Leave at Dungog on 26 July 1845 and a further 4 years until he was granted his Conditional Pardon on 31 January 1850.

His death certificate records that he married Mary Hampton around 1840 at Raymond Terrace and that together they had 16 children of whom 11 were living at the time of his death and 5 had died as children.

Again, according to Louise Westall Taylor:

"Small parcels of land were purchased by Royle in the townships of Scone and Aberdeen in the Upper Hunter in the period 1854-55. Their children stayed in the general area and gradually bought up larger quantities of land. The eldest son and his wife also had 15 children, all born in Gunnedah, and the youngest couple had 14, all born in Scone. Unsurprisingly, there are many of their descendants in the Scone/Gunnedah region today."

Submitted by Researcher (Peter Jones) on 17 March 2017

Disclaimer: The information has not been verified by Claim a Convict. As this information is contributed, it is the responsibility of those who use the data to verify its accuracy.

Research notes

There are currently no research notes attached to this convict.


  • The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/4, p.189

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