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Details for the convict Frances Hoggard (1801)

Convict Name:Frances Hoggard
Trial Place:Devon
Trial Date:1799
Arrival Details
Ship:Earl Cornwallis
Arrival Year:1801
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Frances Hoggard was born in Langton Herring in the county of Dorset in 1767 or early 1768 – she was baptised in St. Peter’s church on February 20th, 1768.
Her parents were Richard and Mary Vivian, “alias Hoggard”. There were quite a few people surnamed Vivian in the region, and the name Hoggard was probably to differentiate this man from his relatives. He possibly worked as a hog-herd.
Richard and Mary were married in 1762.
Langton Herring is a small farming village near Dorchester
Frances was the youngest of three children and at the time of her arrest in 1799 she is described as a ‘mantua maker’. (A mantua maker is an individual who makes a specific woman's garment; one who makes custom women's clothing, like dresses, blouses, and evening gowns.
There is also a possibility that Frances had a daughter in 1794 as baptism records show Mary, mother Frances Hoggeard, baptized in Melcombe Regis, a town 5 miles from Langton Herring.
In March 1799 she was charged by the Mayor of Weymouth with stealing 2 pieces of muslin and was taken into Dorset Gaol on the 8th.

The Dorset Lent Assizes court proceedings of Thursday 14th. March indicate that the material belonged to John Barling, a shop owner, and was valued at 30 shillings. She received a sentence of seven years transportation “beyond the seas” and was returned to Dorset Gaol where she remained until August 4th.1800 when she was ‘sent aboard a Transport Ship in the River Thames’.
The ship she was transported on – the ‘Earl Cornwallis’ – did not sail until November 18th. so she probably spent the intervening time on a prison hulk.

The “Earl Cornwallis” which, at 784 tons and carrying 20 guns, was quite large for its time, carried a crew of 72 and 288 convicts – 193 men and 95 females under the command of Master James Tennant.
It took 206 days, including a stopover at Cape of Good Hope to sail to Sydney Harbour, where she landed on Friday, 12th of June 1801. Of the initial complement of convicts 27 men and 8 women died on the voyage.

There is nothing known at this time as to who Frances was assigned to, or where she lived during those first few years in Sydney – the Female Factory at Parramatta was not opened until later.
She does not get mentioned in the 1802 Muster and so her first 4 years in the Colony are unrecorded.

Submitted by Researcher (391) on 25 March 2016

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